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Page history last edited by PBworks 12 years, 11 months ago

Bithynian 435BC - 74BC

Proposer: Jim Webster



Where the current list says

Only in 278BC

Galatian allies - List: Galatian (Bk 2)


Replace with


From 278BC

Galatian allies - List: Galatian (Bk 2)






"From 186 to 183BC Eumenes [of Pergamon] was fighting agaist Prusias 1 [of Bithynia] who recieved help from Macedonia and from the Galatians under

Ortiagon. The impression produced by this war is reflected in a decree recently discovered at Telmessus, and it is possible that, as a result of

his great victory, Eumenes recieved the title of Soter. A little later a great war was raging throughout the same region.It was the Pontic war of

183-179BC, in which Pharnaces 1, allied with the Galatians, fought against a coalition of Pergamon, Bithynia, Paphlagonia and Cappadocia  


Rostovtzeff  'Social and Economic History of the Hellenistic World'



 "Livy singles out four chieftains during the war with Manlius:Ortiagon of the Tolistobogii, Comboiomarus, Gaudotus, and Eposognatus. Ortiagon emerged as the dominating figure in the difficult years that followed. Polybius provides a character sketch of a man of intelligence and humanity, as well as martial prowess, and similarly civilized qualities were attributed to his wife Chiomara, who had spent some time in captivity in Sardis; both were symptomatic of a growing level of sophistication and Hellenization among the Celtic aristocracy in the second century BC. Ortiagon apparently succeeded in uniting the shattered pieces of the Galatian commonwealth under his sole rule, and played a significant part in the wars of the 180s, when the various kings and dynasts who had lost territory at the expense of the Attalids attempted to win them back. The most important of these was Prusias I of Bithynia who had been forced to give ground in Phrygia Epictetus. Little is known about this war, since the detailed narrative of Polybius is all but lost, but Pompeius Trogus states that one of Prusias' leading allies was Ortiagon, and an inscription from Telmessus in Lycla celebrates Eumenes' victories over Prusias and Ortiagon at the end of 184, for which he received the now familiar title of Sôtçr. Significantly the Telmessus inscription places the Gauls on an equal footing with the Bithynian king, thereby implying that they fought as allies not as mercenaries. In the following year, 183, a Roman delegation led by T. Quinctius Flamininus intervened to make peace and confirm Eumenes' control over the regions awarded to him by the treaty of Apamea.


From: Anatolia: Land, Men, and Gods in Asia Minor. Volume: 1. By Stephen Mitchell. Clarendon Press. Oxford, England. 1995.


(Quote supplied by Michael Fischer)

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