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Three Kingdoms and Western Jin Chinese

Page history last edited by PBworks 13 years, 4 months ago

Shu Han and Western Jin ("Ts'in") Chinese  (II/63)


War-wagons for Shu Han and Jin


Proposer: Duncan Head




Add the following lines:


Only Shu Han or Western Jin ("Ts'in"):"Chariots" carrying crossbowmen – Reg WWg (O)              **6-20

Minima marked ** apply only if any troops so marked are used.



In a campaign against the Qiang in AD 279, the Jin general Ma

Long "recruited men capable of using waist-drawn crossbows with a

pull of 30 catties ... he obtained 3,500, a number he pronounced

sufficient for the task ... barbarian leaders with more than 10,000

cavalry ... intercept Long's front [and] cut off his rear. Then, in

accord with the Diagram for Eight Formations, Ma Long had

rectangular chariots constructed. Where the terrain was expansive,

he used deer-horn chariots; where the road was narrow he added

protective wooden structures on top of the chariots. Thus he was

able to fight and advance, and wherever their arrow fell, for every

draw of the bowstring a man dropped."



(R D Sawyer, One Hundred Unorthodox Strategies, Westview 1996,



These are clearly not the genuine "chariots" of Chinese antiquity,

but some sort of war-cart relying on the fire of the crossbowmen

carried in them.



Assuming 7 men per wagon (see Chinese Northern and Southern Dynasties

for a parallel) 3,500 crossbowmen would need 500 wagons, or at the rules'

25 WWg per element, 20 models. 20 men per wagon (see

Chinese Northern and Southern Dynasties again) would suggest

175 wagons, 7 elements. The text implies that this was the entire

army; it may not have been, but sounds like it was a large part,

suggesting normal scale may be appropriate for this army. The

name "deer-horn" chariots allegedly refers either to blades

protruding outwards to prevent an enemy approaching, or possibly to

separate obstacles placed in front when in a defensive formation or

in camp.


The "Eight Element Formation" or "Eight Array Formation"

that Ma Long copied was said to have been invented by the Shu Han

strategist Zhuge Liang – see

http://www.chinahistoryforum.com/index.php?showtopic=7021 – and

interpretations suggest that this formation combined "chariots",

presumably also war-wagons, with infantry and cavalry. Therefore the

use of the war-wagons should be extended to Shu Han.

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